Nursing Pain Management Care Plan

Pain Management Using Cold and Heat

If done correctly, a combination hot and cold therapy may provide relief for three to five days. This therapy is especially effective for overuse injuries and tears to muscles. Cold therapy also reduces inflammation and pain by dilatation of blood vessels. It increases the flow of blood to the area that has been injured. And it can help with chronic joint pain. The best thing about both treatments is that they can be combined!

Inflammation is lessened
As opposed to heat therapy cold therapy reduces inflammation and blood flow to the affected area. The cold therapy lessens swelling while heat therapy increases blood flow and pulls in more nutrients. Because of its calming effects on joints, heat therapy is particularly effective in managing pain. Which therapy should you choose to ease pain? Here are some suggestions. Take a look at our helpful chart. Let’s look at how heat and cold therapy interact.

Ice therapy is efficient in reducing inflammation and swelling. Ice therapy can also help reduce inflammation and swelling. It also can cause an numbing effect, which slows down the brain’s pain signals. There are numerous effective cold therapy options, such as ice baths, homemade cold packs, and a chemical cold packs. You should follow the same procedures as heat therapy and limit exposure to cold. You should not leave the application of ice on your skin for more than 20 minutes because this could cause burning or hives.

Reduces swelling
While cold therapy can help reduce swelling, there are certain limitations. This method should not be utilized on people who have suffered from chronic injuries. Also cold therapy should not be used on wounds that are open and is not recommended for people suffering from neuropathic and circulatory disorders. Patients with illnesses should consult their physician before applying cold therapy. Cold therapy can be applied to the affected areas only in the beginning stages of pain.

Doctors recommend that you first apply ice to lessen swelling and then use heat to relieve pain. Heating therapy increases blood flow and warms muscles prior to you start your activity. Cold therapy however can slow blood flow and reduces swelling and pain. To get the most effective relief, patients should wrap the affected area with a thin towel. To get the best results cold therapy should be used for at least 15 minutes a day.

Reduces pain
Depending on the nature of injury, cold or heat therapy is most effective for alleviating pain. For acute pain, such as the result of a muscle strain, heat is the best treatment. Cold therapy is suggested to treat chronic pain, for instance long-term joint pain. There is no one best or worst treatment. Most people who suffer from joint pain may benefit from cold therapy.

Cryotherapy, also known as cold therapy, is used to reduce swelling and inflammation. It helps reduce the damage to tissues by blocking nerve activity. Specifically, it numbs muscles that are injured and decreases nerve activity. It also reduces inflammation and swelling by reducing nerve activity. However cold therapy is not suitable for all people, especially children and pregnant women. Because cold therapy causes the body to respond differently to heat, it is recommended for those suffering from a severe pain from an injury.

Lowers inflammation
Cold therapy can be used to treat a variety health conditions. It lowers inflammation by constricting the blood vessels in muscles, which restricts the flow of blood. Cold therapy also reduces pain signal transmission by your brain. Cold therapy methods include homemade ice packs as well as chemical cold packs. Similar to heat therapy, cold therapy should be limited to the recommended duration. Being exposed to cold for too long can lead to ice burns and the development of hives.

While both heat and cold therapy are beneficial however, they have distinct adverse effects. Injuries that are acute are more likely to be treated using cold therapy due to the decreased blood flow. Heat therapy helps increase blood flow and reduces inflammation and swelling by enhancing circulation. It also has a psychologically calming effect on the sufferer, making it a great choice for pain management that is ongoing. Cold therapy isn’t as effective for long-term pain management.